Momma Coat of Arms
The following bits and pieces of general information about Coats of Arms have been gathered from a variety of sources. If you have further interest, I suggest you do an Internet search and you will discover many interesting web sites devoted to this subject. The following is a very brief background into the subject of coats of arms in general and specifically the Momma Coat of Arms.
COATS OF ARMS
Coats of Arms, called "Wappen" in German, have been used in most parts of the world for centuries. In the British Kingdom, the rules of heraldry are very specific and Coats of Arms are still highly regulated. You are simply not allowed to use a Coat of Arms that was issued to a specific person. Technically, one must prove lineage to the individual first awarded the Coat of Arms to be entitled to them. You can even be fined, similar to a copyright infringement.
In many countries in the middle ages, Germany for one, every free man was allowed to bear a Coat of Arms, hence the proliferation of "working class" symbols. Almost all cities did and still do create Coats of Arms. Often they were awarded to individuals and became much like inherited property (although they would still need to apply to the Heraldic authority to be granted the Arms). Special symbols (marks of cadency) could be added to differentiate between 1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc. grown children. However, in the USA and present day Germany, for instance, anyone may assume a Coat of Arms, as there no longer is any Heraldic authority to whom you can apply.
IS THERE A COAT OF ARMS FOR THE MOMMA OR MUMMA FAMILIES?
The Mommas of Aachen and Stolberg, Germany were among the influential families who produced copper and brass. They were called "Kupfermeisters". Various Coats of Arms were used as "seals" by the individual "Kupfermeisters" to identify their products and other items. The "Kupfermeisters" even used a "family" Coat of Arms on the lids of their burial vaults found in the Finkenberg Reformed Church cemetery in Stolberg, Germany. The carvings were a way to identify from which family a person descended, especially in the case of a woman. For the tombstone on the burial vault of Leonard Konrad Momma b:1658, the MOMMA coat of arms is displayed on the left and his wife's PELTER coat of arms is on the right. A picture of this stone is shone below. Some of the surnames of these "Kupfermeister" families were named Dollart, Lynen, Koenen, Mewis, Peltzer, Prym & Schardinel, all of whom had, and used family Coat of Arms.Thus, It is clear that these surnames used "family" Coat of Arms! If you search the Mumma database, most of these surnames are found due to intermarriages between the Kupfermeister families. Some research into the Momma Coat of Arms was conducted by Lothar Müller-Westphal, a heraldic artist from Düren. From his studies he felt that there was an even earlier Momma Coat of Arms which was of a simple line design that could have been easily used as a man's "mark". This design is shown next to the more classic design in pictures at the bottom of the article. In addition, Stefan Momma sent me a Coat of Arms which he has showing the date of 1566 inscribed with the words, "Coat of Arms of the Momma family". So, the Momma "family" Coat of Arms has been used for a long time.
My conclusion is that all descendants of the Momma family may use a MOMMA Coat of Arms without feelings of guilt. Your British friends will just be envious! You are simply carrying on a proud and distinguished tradition that our "Kupfermeister" ancestors established over 440 years ago. The fact that the Mumma (and other surname spellings) descend from the Momma families of Germany is well supported and confirmed by DNA testing.
THE AMORIAL GÉNÉRIAL
Johannes Baptista Rietstap (12 May 1828 - 24 December 1891) was a Dutch heraldist and genealogist. He is most well-known for his publication of the Armorial Général. This monumental work contains the blazons (a written description of a Coat of Arms) of more than 130,000 European families. It is still one of the most complete works of its kind. The MOMMA blazon is described and a Coat of Arms displayed in this book. It is listed as having a Dutch origin for Volquin Momma whose family migrated from Stolberg Germany to Holland.
The word "Heraldry" is derived from the German "heer" -- a host, an army -- and "held" -- a champion. The term "blazon", by which the science of heraldry is denoted in French, English, Italian, and German, is probably derived from the German word "blazen" -- to blow the horn. Source: Burke, Bernard, The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales (Heritage Books, Inc., 1996).
When people say a "Family Crest", they are usually referring to a "Coat of Arms", which is recorded (as words, not drawn) in a book of heraldry (i.e.: Burgerliches Wappenbuch) by a scribe in such a way that it does not matter who draws the Coat of Arms from the scribes description, it will always look as it should. This clever system was a language unto itself (actually, a "language within a language"), with much of the information simply implied. Craftsmen & Tradesmen (Smiths, Wrights, etc.) often included their tools of trade in their Coat of Arms. Usually only the Shield and sometimes a Crest are deScribed - it's very rare for the Mantling to be deScribed & then only when it deviates from the primary Metal & Color Tinctures. Rules of Heraldry were not always strictly adhered to and the one that was broken the most is the "law" that dictates "Metal must not be borne upon Metal, nor Color upon Color" -- which, simply put, means that the lighter colored metals, silver & gold, can't be put upon each other but can be put upon any of the colors; all of which are dark & contrast only with the Metals. Obviously, there are ways around this, but even then it must have been "deScribed" by the (who else?) Heraldic Scribe.
MAIN ELEMENTS OF A COAT OF ARMS
What probably surprises most people is the fact a "Coat of Arms" is simply a written description of the elements that it should contain. It is left up to a heraldic artist (or yourself) to interpret the description and create a pleasing graphic design. This description is called a "Blazon". Therefore there is not a single design of the Momma Coat of Arms or for any other family, just a description of the elements it should contain. This why all Momma Coats of Arms should look very similar.
- Motto - In some cases, Coat of Arms will have some "motto" inscribed at the top. I am unaware that the Momma family ever had a motto associated with the Coat of Arms.
- Crest - The topmost device. It's attached to the top of the Helmet.
- Torse - A thin wreath of twisted cloth (upon which the Crest is assumed to rest) used to secure the Crest & Mantling to the Helmet. It is seldom specifically described - its 6 alternating twists implicitly take the colors of the Mantling. The Torse is commonly believed to have been adapted from the headdress of the Arab tribesmen during the time of the Crusades. The Torse is not an official part of the Arms.
- Visor - A part of the Helmet used to help determine rank - closed (or none) = Esquire/Citizen/Commoner. Helmet Rankings - 1. Sovereign - Affronty (facing viewer), Gold, at least 6 gold grilles (bars) 2. Nobles - Affronty or Affronty/Profile, 5 silver grilles 3. Knights - Affronty or Affronty/Profile, open visor instead of grilles 4. Esquires & Private Citizens - Profile (facing viewers left) or Profile/affronty , closed visor or no visor & no grilles
- Shield - The main part that holds all of the Ordinaries, Charges & other "decorations". Charge Anything placed upon the Shield.
THE BLAZON OF THE MOMMA COAT OF ARMS
The following blazon is recorded in Rietstap's Armorial Général for the Momma surname.
Momma - Amsterdam.Parti: au1 d'azur à un ironc d'arbre au nat., terrassé de sin., et un canari d'or perché sur une branche; au 2 de gu. à deux marteaux d'or. passés en saut. C.: une étoile (5) d'or entre deux cornes de buffle du méme. L. d'or et de gu.
One translation of the blazon is:
You should find all of these elements in a Momma Coat of Arms, no matter who creates it.
So, What do these Elements Mean?
- Canary - Birds are often used in heraldic art, especially what we may call its accessory details, of which much was made in early days. Many and quaint as these are, they may all be traced back to very ancient tribal, totem, or religious symbols. Migration suggested the passage of the soul. The ease with which man's spirit left this body resembled nothing so much as flight. I have also seen this listed as a dove.
- Hammers - Since the Mommas were copper and brass producers, hammers were used extensively in their trade of producing copper and brass sheets. Hammers are an classic emblem of the smith's trade. The double-headed hammer was the emblem of mythical god, Thor."
One of the most interesting descriptions of the elements of the Momma Coat of Arms was sent to me by Hans Momma of Eschweiler, Germany. It was a part of his history of the Momma family and its Wappen (Wappen in German means Coat of Arms). My crude translation is:
I rather like this religious description of the elements.
The Coat of Arms shown below are ones I have collected from a variety of sources. If you would like to contribute one which you might have, I will be happy to add it to the collection.
The first images are photographs of several very old Momma tombstones located in the Finkenberg church cemetery in Stolberg, Germany. In this cemetery, the "coat of arms" of the surname of the husband and wife were carved, side by side into the lid of the tombstones. These old German examples always show the coat of arms divided horizontally while more modern artistic renditions using the Rietstap blazon are divided vertically.
[Click on any image to enlarge it]
|The tombstone of Leonhard Konrad Momma & his wife, Maria Peltzer, located in the Finkenberg Church graveyard in Stolberg, Germany. His father, also called Leonhard Momma had also marrried a Maria Peltzer. A close up of the Coat of Arms detail is shown in the frame to the right.||The Coat of Arms on the left hand portion is that of the Momma family for Leonhard and the one on the right is the Peltzer Coat of arms for his wife, Maria Peltzer. All of the Stolberg Kupfmeister (copper & brass manufacturer) families used their own unique Coat of Arms, both in business and on their gravestones.|
|This photograph was taken several years ago by Udo Momma of Jakob & Maria Peltzer's tombstone in the Finkenberg cemetery. Jakob's Coat of Arms uses an unusual style for the Momma family. The Peltzer Coat of Arms is displyed to the right of Jacob's.||This is the gravestone for Barbara Mumma. She initially married Jurrien Noot in the Netherlands. After he died, she returned to Stolberg and married Isaac Peltzer. Isaac was initially married to Charlotte Baumhauer. For this reason, the Coat of Arms of both wives are displayed side by side on the tombstone.|
|These images are taken rom a short article written by Lothar Müller-Westphal, a heraldic artist from Düren, who designs Coat of Arms. The Coat of Arms on the right side is thought to be older than the standard one. An example of this Coat of Arms is found on Jakob Momma's gravestone shown above||This was sent to me by Heintz-Arno Momma who lives in Eschweiler, Germany. It was at the top of a Momma genealogy that he was given. The words say, "Volquin Momma, kupfmeister 1650".|
|This the Coat of Arms that Stefan Momma used as the model to create a signet ring which he wears. A translation of the words means "Coat of Arms of the Momma Ancestors, 1566". You will note that it does not have the buffalo horns nor the star.||Photograph of Stefan's signet ring with the Momma Coat of Arms engraved on the top.|
|This Coat of Arms was on the letterhead of stationalry that Hans Momma from Eschweiler, Germany sent me. As you can see, it is very similar to the one on the right. Both of these include the star above the helmet, but are missing the buffalo horns.||This Coat of Arms was sent to me by Frantz Momma who lives in Adsdorf, Germany|
|This is the Coat of Arms that is shown on the cover of Robert "Bob" Moomaw's 1990 book. The same image, but in black & white, was on the cover of Warner Kloepfer's 1965 Moomaw genealogy.||This Coat of Arms was sent to me by James Mummah. It appears to be identical to Bob Moomaw's except for the surname change.|
|This Coat of Arms was sent to me by Stanley A. Mumma. Its origin is unknown.||I received this Coat of Arms from Bäbel Momma. It had been drawn on a pedigree chart her father had commissioned a genealogist to create. Herbert Korzilius was the heraldische artist of this Coat of Arms|
|This was a hand stitched Coat of Arms that was framed and hung on the wall in my parent's house. The original source is unknown and is it's current location is also unknown.||A photograph of a wooden dartboard case that I made many years ago and it is mounted on the wall of our mountain cabin. I carved the Coat of Arms on the front by projecting the image shown on the left.|
|Photograph of the Mumma Coat of Arms tattooed on the leg of Craig Mumma It was copied from the Coat of Arms shown to the right.||This image was in a book called "The Amazing Story of the Mummas in America" which was sold by Halbert's in 1982. Halbert's was a "rip-off" companyfrom Bath, Ohio, which created and sold genealogy books for any surname.|
|The Reenstierna Coat of Arms hanging in the Hedvig church, Norrköping, Östergötland, Sweden, in memory of Jacob Reenstierna [1659-1716]. The text under the Coat of Arms reads:
His majesty's most faithful subject, counsellor and president of the Trade Council, nobleman and lord of Björnsnäs, is born in Stockholm April 30, 1659 and died by the grace of God in same town February 29, 1716.
[Photographer: Thuresson, Aug 1, 2005]
|The source of this Coat of Arms is unknown. This Wappen is described in a Dutch publication called "Netherlands Patriciaat VI 1915". The reason for the addition of an hourglass is unknown.|
06 Feb 2009, 23:45:53